w command tutorial in linux/unix with examples and use cases
linux w command – Show who is logged on and what they are doing.
The header displays three parts of information:
1. The current time, how long the system has been running.
2. How many users are currently logged on.
3. The system load averages for the past 1, 5, and 15 minutes.
The following entries are displayed for each user:
1. login name
2. the tty name
3. the remote host
4. login time
5. idle time
8. The command line of their current process
The JCPU time is the time used by all processes attached to the tty. It does not include past background jobs, but does include currently running background jobs.
The PCPU time is the time used by the current process, named in the “what” field.
w [options] user [...]
- -h, –no-header
Don’t print the header.
- -u, –no-current
Ignores the username while figuring out the current process and cpu times. To demonstrate this, do a “su” and do a “w” and a “w -u”.
- -s, –short
Use the short format. Don’t print the login time, JCPU or PCPU times.
- -f, –from
Toggle printing the from (remote hostname) field.
Display help text and exit.
- -i, –ip-addr
Display IP address instead of hostname for from field.
- -V, –version
Display version information.
- -o, –old-style
Old style output. Prints blank space for idle times less than one minute.
Show information about the specified user only.
Related system files
information about who is currently logged on
Show current user
➜ ~ w
Do not display header information
➜ ~ w -h
Do not display the from field
➜ ~ w -f
Display the short format
➜ ~ w -s