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w command tutorial in linux/unix with examples and use cases
November 25, 2019
linux wcommand – Show who is logged on and what they are doing.
The header displays three parts of information: 1. The current time, how long the system has been running. 2. How many users are currently logged on. 3. The system load averages for the past 1, 5, and 15 minutes.
The following entries are displayed for each user: 1. login name 2. the tty name 3. the remote host 4. login time 5. idle time 6. JCPU 7. PCPU 8. The command line of their current process
The JCPU time is the time used by all processes attached to the tty. It does not include past background jobs, but does include currently running background jobs. The PCPU time is the time used by the current process, named in the “what” field.
w [options] user [...]
-h, –no-header Don’t print the header.
-u, –no-current Ignores the username while figuring out the current process and cpu times. To demonstrate this, do a “su” and do a “w” and a “w -u”.
-s, –short Use the short format. Don’t print the login time, JCPU or PCPU times.
-f, –from Toggle printing the from (remote hostname) field.
–help Display help text and exit.
-i, –ip-addr Display IP address instead of hostname for from field.
-V, –version Display version information.
-o, –old-style Old style output. Prints blank space for idle times less than one minute.
user Show information about the specified user only.
Related system files
/var/run/utmp information about who is currently logged on